HOW DO DOGS GET HOOKWORMS

WHAT IS HOOKWORM?

Ancylostoma caninum is a nematode parasite that causes dog hookworm, but humans can also contract it. Hookworm can infect dogs and lives in the small intestine. The hookworm, as its name suggests, is shaped like a hook, about the length of a coin, about 19mm in diameter. One of the characteristics of Hookworm is that it contains a large oral vestibule or mouthpart, which has three pairs of teeth. These teeth help them attach to the wall of the small intestine to suck blood, so the main symptom of hookworm infection is anemia. Fortunately, treatment is relatively simple.

Because Hookworm is very small, it is difficult to identify the infestation in dogs, mainly because we cannot see it in the feces. It is often necessary for the veterinarian to request additional tests to make a more accurate diagnosis.

HOOKWORM (ANCYLOSTOMA CANINUM)LIFE CYCLE AND HOW DOGS GET CONTRACTED

The eggs of the ancylostoma are expelled through the feces of the carrier dogs just 15 days after the infestation and when they find lawns, damp soil or gardens they can live for several months in an infectious way as infective larvae. Dogs, infected or not, when walking around these places can be contaminated through the skin or by ingesting these larvae. Once ingested in 15 days or less, they will already be parasitizing the dog’s small intestine and closing the parasite’s life cycle.

The larvae that infected through the skin reach the bloodstream by breaking skin tissues and via the bloodstream they reach the dogs’ lungs, where they develop into a later stage of the infective larva, and go up through the dog’s trachea, until they are swallowed and finally reach the digestive tract.

In dogs older than 3 months of age, cutaneous larvae acquired can become dormant encysted in the subcutaneous tissue, and these larvae can be activated during pregnancy, starting the contamination of the pups either by transplacental transfer (through the placenta) or by contamination through milk (breastfeeding). Due to this extremely intelligent life cycle, most dogs have had, have or will have the disease.

HOW IS HOOKWORMS DISEASE TRANSMITTED IN DOGS?

This Hookworms requires a lot of attention because it is possible that puppies are already born infected by the worm, since transmission can occur from the dog to them through the placenta or contaminated milk.

However, this is not the only form of contamination by this worms. It can also happen when the animal has contact with areas where the larvae are, such as lawns, moist soil and other types of soil, in addition to direct contact with the feces of the sick dog.

For this reason, Hookworms is such a common parasite, since its cycle is very fast and the form of contamination can happen in several ways. In the case of humans, it is more common for infestation to happen when walking barefoot in contaminated areas.

SYMPTOMS OF HOOKWORMS IDOGS

Dogs experience severe or chronic bleeding at the stage when the parasite develops the oral capsule. Animals in adulthood most commonly develop mild anemias because their immune systems are able to respond better to infection.

In cases where the disease is recurrent, that is, the animal develops the condition again, skin reactions may occur. However, if the problem is acute, symptoms such as:

  • breathing difficulties;
  • tiredness;
  • weight loss;
  • changes in appetite;
  • vomiting;
  • diarrhea;
  • shedding.

The dog can also develop bronchitis or intestinal ulcers due to the action of the parasite in its body, when in adulthood. If left untreated, this worms can cause the dog to die. However, in the case of human beings, it is less aggressive, reaching only the skin, without harming the internal organs.

How to prevent hookworms (Ancylostoma Caninum) in dogs ?

It is very difficult to prevent the dog from having contact with hookworms, since it can survive for a long time outside the host organism and there is no way of knowing where the parasite may be. Therefore, the ideal is to prevent this problem through the administration of broad spectrum wormers.

This measure does both the prevention of the disease as well as its treatment, because it eliminates the parasite. This means that the pet lover needs to offer the dog at least 3 doses of Vermivet vermifuge per year.

The doses are divided over the seasons – summer, which runs from January to April, the winter application, in the months of May to August and the spring, lasting from September to December.

It is important not to skip doses to ensure the effectiveness of the dewormer. Thus, if the dog has contracted the parasite, it will be treated and the cycle interrupted. However, do not forget the need to always keep the environment very clean to avoid contact of your furry friend and humans with the feces.

Also, avoid the dog eating something on the street, and do not offer food to him on the ground in order to prevent the ingestion of larvae or eggs. And so that you do not get this Ancylostoma Caninum yourself, avoid walking barefoot in areas possibly contaminated by this parasite.

If in doubt or if the dog is showing symptoms, consult a veterinarian so that he can do more thorough examinations on your pet. Do not let the picture evolve, because the parasite cycle, as said, is very fast.

Remember that it is essential to do the treatment correctly and due prevention by applying the dewormer doses at the right time, after all, hookworms can cause the dog to die. Also follow the Portal of the Vermivet Line to always be attentive to the necessary care with your pet, so he will have much more health and your family too.

Below are our top ten picks for treatment of hookworm in dogs:

  1. HEARTGARD PLUS CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 51-100 LBS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Heartgard Plus is a heartworm preventative that kills heartworms and helps to control and treat hookworms for dogs 51 to 100 lbs. Given monthly, it comes in a chewable tablet that you can feed to your pal as a tasty, beef-flavored treat. Head back to the dog park, reassured that your dog is protected from nasty parasites.

Uses

For use in dogs to prevent canine heartworm disease by eliminating the tissue stage of heartworm larvae (Dirofilaria immitis) for a month (30 days) after infection and for the treatment and control of ascarids (Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina) and hookworms (Ancylostoma caninum, Uncinaria stenocephala, Ancylostoma braziliense).

Possible Side Effects

In clinical field trials with Heartgard Plus, vomiting or diarrhea within 24 hours of dosing was rarely observed (1.1% of administered doses). The following adverse reactions have been reported following the use of Heartgard: Depression/lethargy, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, mydriasis, ataxia, staggering, convulsions and hypersalivation.

Drug & Food Interactions

In clinical trials, many commonly used flea collars, dips, shampoos, anthelmintics, antibiotics, vaccines and steroid preparations have been administered with Heartgard Plus in a heartworm disease preventive program.

Precautions

Heartgard Plus (ivermectin/pyrantel) is well tolerated. All dogs should be tested for heartworm infection before starting a preventive program. Following the use of Heartgard Plus, digestive and neurological side effects have rarely been reported. Heartgard Plus has shown a wide margin of safety at the recommended dose level in dogs, including pregnant or breeding dogs, stud dogs and puppies aged 6 or more weeks.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

This medication should be administered orally at monthly intervals. Consult your veterinarian for proper dosing instructions.

Storage Instructions

Store between 68° – 77°F. Protect product from light.

2. INTERCEPTOR PLUS CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 50.1-100 LBS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Interceptor Plus is a monthly, broad-spectrum parasiticide prescribed by your vet to help prevent heartworm disease. Plus, it treats and controls adult roundworm, adult hookworm, adult whipworm and adult tapeworm. It comes in a tasty, chewable tablet, making dosing easy for you and your pet.

Uses

For the prevention of heartworm disease and for the treatment and control of adult roundworm, adult hookworm, adult whipworm, and adult tapeworm, plus flea tapeworm infections in dogs and puppies two pounds of body weight or greater and six weeks of age and older.

Possible Side Effects

Please contact your veterinarian if the following adverse reactions occur: vomiting, diarrhea, depression/lethargy, ataxia, anorexia, convulsions, weakness, and salvation.

Drug & Food Interactions

Talk to your veterinarian about any other drugs your pet is taking before starting this medication.

Precautions

Treatment with fewer than six monthly doses after the last exposure to mosquitoes may not provide complete heartworm prevention. Please consult your veterinarian for use in pets used for breeding or in lactating females. Not for use in humans. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

Administer orally, once a month. Consult your veterinarian for proper dosing instructions.

Storage Instructions

Store at room temperature, between 59° – 77°F. .

3. SIMPARICA TRIO CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 2.8-5.5 LB, 6 TREATMENTS

Description

Help your furry friend fight off pests with Simparica Trio Chewable Tablets for Dogs! Every purchase comes with 6 treatments that are specially formulated for canine companions 8 weeks of age and older, weighing between 2.8 and 5.5 pounds. Simparica Trio is the first and only product that combines sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel in each treatment to help prevent heartworm disease, kill fleas before they can lay eggs, kill 5 types of ticks, treat and prevent flea infestations and treat and control roundworms and hookworms. And each monthly chewable tablet has a palatable liver flavor and can be taken with or without food!

Uses

Monthly Simparica Trio prevents heartworm disease, kills adult fleas and is indicated for the treatment and prevention of flea infestations, the treatment and control of tick infestations, and the treatment and control of roundworm and adult hookworm infections in dogs and puppies 8 weeks of age and older, and weighing 2.8 pounds or greater.

Possible Side Effects

The most frequently reported adverse reactions in clinical trials were vomiting and diarrhea.

Drug & Food Interactions

There are no known contraindications for the use of SIMPARICA TRIO.

Precautions

Not for use in humans. Keep this and all drugs out of reach of children. Use with caution in dogs with a history of seizures. Simparica Trio contains sarolaner, a member of the isoxazoline class, which has been associated with neurologic adverse reactions including tremors, ataxia, and seizures in dogs with or without a history of neurologic disorders. The safe use of Simparica Trio has not been evaluated in breeding, pregnant, or lactating dogs. The most frequently reported adverse reactions in clinical trials were vomiting and diarrhea.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

This medication should be administered orally at monthly intervals. Consult your veterinarian for proper dosing instructions.

Storage Instructions

Store at or below 30°C (86°F).

4. INTERCEPTOR PLUS CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 25.1-50 LBS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Interceptor Plus is a monthly, broad-spectrum parasiticide prescribed by your vet to help prevent heartworm disease. Plus, it treats and controls adult roundworm, adult hookworm, adult whipworm and adult tapeworm. It comes in a tasty, chewable tablet, making dosing easy for you and your pet.

Uses

For the prevention of heartworm disease and for the treatment and control of adult roundworm, adult hookworm, adult whipworm, and adult tapeworm, plus flea tapeworm infections in dogs and puppies two pounds of body weight or greater and six weeks of age and older.

Possible Side Effects

Please contact your veterinarian if the following adverse reactions occur: vomiting, diarrhea, depression/lethargy, ataxia, anorexia, convulsions, weakness, and salvation.

Drug & Food Interactions

Talk to your veterinarian about any other drugs your pet is taking before starting this medication.

Precautions

Treatment with fewer than six monthly doses after the last exposure to mosquitoes may not provide complete heartworm prevention. Please consult your veterinarian for use in pets used for breeding or in lactating females. Not for use in humans. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

Administer orally, once a month. Consult your veterinarian for proper dosing instructions.

Storage Instructions

Store at room temperature, between 59° – 77°F. .

5. TRI-HEART PLUS CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, UP TO 25 LBS, 6 TREATMENTS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Tri-Heart Plus is an easy-to-feed chewable tablet prescribed to help keep your dog free of heartworm and other dangerous parasites. When given monthly, this simple and palatable tablet helps to protect your pet by killing the larvae before they reach your dog’s heart. Best of all, the tasty tablets can be fed just like a treat! Your pet won’t even know you’re working to protect their heart.

Uses

Tri-Heart Plus is a monthly chew indicated to kill heartworm larvae and to control/treat adult hookworms and roundworms.

Possible Side Effects

Tri-Heart Plus is safe and has caused no side-effects in most dogs, but upset stomachs have been reported. Incoordination, convulsions, or drooling have also been reported rarely. Always contact your veterinarian if your pet appears sick or behaves strangely after taking Tri-Heart Plus.

Drug & Food Interactions

Talk to your veterinarian about any other drugs your dog is taking before starting Tri-Heart Plus.

Precautions

All dogs should be tested for existing heartworm infection before starting treatment with Tri-Heart Plus, which is not effective against adult D. immitis. Infected dogs must be treated to remove adult heartworms and microfilariae before initiating a program. Tri-Heart Plus is not indicated for dogs younger than 6 weeks old. Herding breeds (such as Collies) can be sensitive to the active ingredient, so talk to your veterinarian if your dog may be affected. If you miss a dose, your dog needs a blood test to resume your normal doses safely. Notify your veterinarian if you’ve skipped a dose or have any concerns. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

Tri-Heart Plus can be fed every 30 days or based on your veterinarian’s recommendation. They should be chewed, or you can mix them with a small amount of your dog’s usual food.

Storage Instructions

Store at controlled room temperatures of 59° – 86°F. Protect product from light.

6. TRIFEXIS CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 10.1-20 LBS, 6 TREATMENTS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Trifexis (spinosad + milbemycin oxime) is the monthly, beef-flavored tablet prescribed to kill fleas and prevent flea infestations, prevent heartworm disease, and treat and control adult hookworm, roundworm and whipworm infections in dogs. With flea medicine, heartworm preventive and intestinal parasite control in one, get the peace of mind that comes from protecting your canine companion.

Uses

Trifexis prevents heartworm disease. Trifexis kills fleas and prevents flea infestations, and treats and controls adult hookworm, roundworm and whipworm infections in dogs and puppies 8 weeks and older and 5 pounds or more.

Possible Side Effects

When used as prescribed, side effects while using Trifexis are rare. Symptoms of GI distress and skin irritation can occur. Vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, lack of appetite, and itching and reddening of the skin have been reported. Vomiting may be more likely in puppies under 14 weeks of age. If your dog is truly allergic to Trifexis or to the dying of parasites, she may exhibit symptoms such as facial swelling, hives, scratching, sudden onset of diarrhea, vomiting, shock, seizures, pale gums, cold limbs, or coma. If your dog experiences any of these symptoms, call your veterinarian or a local emergency veterinarian immediately.

Drug & Food Interactions

Always communicate with your veterinarian about any medications, vitamins, or supplements your dog is already taking. Some serious adverse reactions have been documented when used with other spinosad and ivermectin medications simultaneously. No known food interactions have been reported.

Precautions

The use of ivermectin at higher than FDA-approved doses at the same time as Trifexis can result in serious side effects. Treatment with fewer than three monthly doses after the last exposure to mosquitoes may not provide complete heartworm prevention. Prior to administration, dogs should be tested for existing heartworm infection. Use with caution in breeding females. The safe use of Trifexis in breeding males has not been evaluated. Use with caution in dogs with pre- existing epilepsy. The most common adverse reactions reported are vomiting, decreased activity, itching, decreased appetite, and diarrhea. To ensure heartworm prevention, observe your dog for one hour after administration. If vomiting occurs within one hour of administration, redose. Puppies less than 14 weeks of age may experience a higher rate of vomiting. See Trifexis label for complete safety information.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

Trifexis is given to dogs monthly as directed by your veterinarian to prevent heartworm disease and protect your dog from fleas and other pest infestations.

Storage Instructions

Store at controlled room temperatures between 68° – 77°F.

7. SENTINEL FLAVOR TABLETS FOR DOGS, 11-25 LBS, 6 TREATMENTS

Description

Your furry friend must have a current heartworm test result on file with your veterinarian in order to be prescribed heartworm medication. Please visit your veterinarian to have this test performed annually to protect your four-legged friend. Sentinel is a monthly oral preventive prescription that guards against heartworms, adult roundworms, adult hookworms, whipworms, and prevents the development of flea eggs. It protects your dog against heartworm disease and intestinal worms, all in a palatable, flavored tablet.

Uses

Sentinel Flavor Tabs are formuled for dogs and puppies, four weeks of age and older, and two pounds body weightnor greater. T It is also formulated to help prevent and control flea populations, and for the treatment and control of adult roundworm, hookworm and whipworm infections. Concurrent use of an adulticide product may be necessary for adequate control of adult fleas.

Possible Side Effects

The following adverse reactions have been reported in dogs alter giving milbemycin oxime or lufenuron: vomiting, depression/lethargy, pruritus, urticaria, diarrhea, anorexia, skin congestion, ataxia, convulsions, hypersalivation, and weakness.

Drug & Food Interactions

Talk to your veterinarian about any other drugs your dog is taking before starting this medication.

Precautions

Do not use in puppies less than four weeks of age and less than two pounds of body weight. The temporary use of an adulticide product may be necessary to kill these adult fleas. Not for use in humans. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

Sentinel Flavor Tabs are given orally, once a month, at the recommended minimum dosage ofn0.23 mg/lb (0.5 mg/kg) milbemycin oxime and 4.55 mg/lb (10mg/kg) lufenuron.nDogs over 100 lbs are provided the appropriate combination of tablets.n

Storage Instructions

Store in a dry place at controlled room temperature between 59° – 77°F.

8. SAFE-GUARD CANINE DE-WORMER FOR LARGE DOGS, 3 DAY TREATMENT

Description

If your dog tests positive for internal parasites, your vet may prescribe Safe-Guard (fenbendazole) Canine 4 gm to treat and control those parasites. This product is effective against the four major types of parasites in dogs, including roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and taenia tapeworms. It’s easy to feed—just mix the powder into your dog’s food and make sure that your pup eats the full dose. You’ll need to repeat the dose for three days in a row. This deworming medication is considered safe for use in all dogs ages six weeks and older, including pregnant dogs.

Key Benefits

  • Deworming powder is effective against roundworms, hookworms, whipworms and taenia tapeworms.
  • Safe for use in all dogs ages 6 weeks and older, including pregnant dogs.
  • Powdered dewormer is easy to mix into your dog’s food.
  • Designed to be fed for 3 days in a row.
  • Supports a healthy, happy dog.

Precautions

Consult your veterinarian for assistance in the diagnosis, treatment and control of parasites. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

9. SIMPARICA TRIO CHEWABLE TABLETS FOR DOGS, 44.1-88 LB, 6 TREATMENTS

Description

Help your furry friend fight off pests with Simparica Trio Chewable Tablets for Dogs! Every purchase comes with 6 treatments that are specially formulated for canine companions 8 weeks of age and older, weighing between 44.1 and 88 pounds. Simparica Trio is the first and only product that combines sarolaner, moxidectin and pyrantel in each treatment to help prevent heartworm disease, kill fleas before they can lay eggs, kill 5 types of ticks, treat and prevent flea infestations and treat and control roundworms and hookworms. And each monthly chewable tablet has a palatable liver flavor and can be taken with or without food!

Uses

Monthly Simparica Trio prevents heartworm disease, kills adult fleas and is indicated for the treatment and prevention of flea infestations, the treatment and control of tick infestations, and the treatment and control of roundworm and adult hookworm infections in dogs and puppies 8 weeks of age and older, and weighing 2.8 pounds or greater.

Possible Side Effects

The most frequently reported adverse reactions in clinical trials were vomiting and diarrhea.

Drug & Food Interactions

There are no known contraindications for the use of SIMPARICA TRIO.

Precautions

Not for use in humans. Keep this and all drugs out of reach of children. Use with caution in dogs with a history of seizures. Simparica Trio contains sarolaner, a member of the isoxazoline class, which has been associated with neurologic adverse reactions including tremors, ataxia, and seizures in dogs with or without a history of neurologic disorders. The safe use of Simparica Trio has not been evaluated in breeding, pregnant, or lactating dogs. The most frequently reported adverse reactions in clinical trials were vomiting and diarrhea.

Instructions

Recommended Dosage

This medication should be administered orally at monthly intervals. Consult your veterinarian for proper dosing instructions.

Storage Instructions

Store at or below 30°C (86°F).

10. SENTRY HC WORMX PLUS 7 WAY MEDIUM & LARGE DOG DE-WORMER

Description

Protect your family’s best friend with the Sentry HC WormX Plus 7 Way Medium & Large Dog De-Wormer. This broad spectrum de-wormer works to keep your tail-wagging pal clear of tapeworms, roundworms and hookworms with veterinary-grade ingredients―and no prescription needed. It works to eliminate seven types of worms for a more complete treatment, and can be used to treat current infestations or to prevent new ones, especially for dogs that might be prone to catching them. Plus, it comes in a tasty, chewable tablet that’s easy to give and offers 30 days of protection for your pal.

Key Benefits

  • Treats seven strains of worms, including tapeworms, roundworms and hookworms.
  • Works on current infestations and also helps prevent new ones for prone pups.
  • Convenient chewable, tasty tablet that’s easy to give even for picky dogs.
  • Contains veterinary-grade active ingredients without the need for a prescription.
  • For use on medium and large dogs weighing greater than 25 pounds.

Instructions

For the removal of large roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms in adult dogs or young dogs, weighing more than 25 lbs., administer these tablets according to the weight of the animal. Weight determines number of tablets given to dog.

DEVELOPS YOUR DOG’S “HIDDEN INTELLIGENCE” TO ELIMINATE BAD BEHAVIOR AND CREATE THE OBEDIENT, WELL-BEHAVED PET OF YOUR DREAMS

DEVELOPS YOUR DOG’S “HIDDEN INTELLIGENCE” TO ELIMINATE BAD BEHAVIOR AND CREATE THE OBEDIENT, WELL-BEHAVED PET OF YOUR DREAMS

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