The Salt and Pepper Miniature Schnauzer is the most common color for the breed. In fact, when the breed was first registered in the US “salt and pepper” was the ONLY officially recognized color allowed. The Salt and Pepper is genetically of a “banded” coat color. The outer guard coat hairs are banded in shades ranging from light silver through grey to black, often ending in black hair tips. There is a lot of variation in shading and depth of color from dog to dog. The color on the body is darker than that of the “furnishings” of the legs, vent, beard, eyebrows and brisket. That is because of the action of the Schnauzer’s chinchilla gene which causes these areas to be lighter. Then there’s the undercoat which can also be any shade, from silver to almost black. The color of the undercoat becomes most apparent when the dog is clipped.
As a result of all this variation, the Salt and Pepper can range from a dark, nearly black dog to a pale silver dog, and even seem to “change color” when it is clipped! Salt-and-pepper includes all shades, from light to very dark. The standard states no preference, nor does it penalize the tan shading that can appear with this color.
The important factor is the distinct bands of color found on the wire hairs. These may be any combination of black, grey, white or tan. (Clippering removes the wire coat and with it, the color bands. The dog will eventually become the solid color of its undercoat, but whether almost white or black, it is still a salt-and-pepper). Salt-and-pepper is dominant to black-and-silver. A salt-and-pepper may carry the gene for black-and-silver and produce the color when mated to another carrier. There is a marker trait that often identifies theses carriers – a small white spot of white directly above the nose!
Why Miniature Schnauzers Make Good Family Dogs?
The Miniature Schnauzer is alert and intelligent. These dogs make great family dogs. They are very obedient to verbal commands with consistent training. They are friendly and willing to please. They love having a “job” to do for the family. They make excellent guard dogs. These breeds used a strong bark to warn of danger, but are generally not aggressive.
Miniature Schnauzers are usually gentle with children, but should be supervised when playing. Since these dogs have a high prey drive they are known to hunt birds, snakes and rodents. They will bond best with other, smaller family pets if they are raised together from the time the dog is a puppy.
These dogs may bark to communicate joy of greeting their owner, excitement or displeasure. But this dog to human communication often serves to strengthen the bond between the family and the dog. Miniature Schnauzers are very obedient to verbal commands with consistent training.
Miniature Schnauzer Exercise Requirements
Miniature Schnauzers can make good apartment dogs as they do not require large indoor spaces if they are exercised correctly. These dogs thrive on long, brisk walks on a daily basis and even some off-leash game times.
Grooming a Miniature Schnauzer
These dogs have beautiful long-haired coats that shed discretely. They require regular grooming, including regular shaving and clipping to keep the coat maintained. Many families make regular grooming appointments as they find it easier than grooming the dog themselves due to the required frequency. It is recommended that the dog is brushed daily to prevent matting. The coat should be trimmed twice per year and regular trimming should be done around the ears and eyes with blunt-nosed scissors. If trimming would be a new experience for you it is suggested to have the dog groomed professionally for safety reasons. If you want to learn to groom your own Miniature Schnauzer please take the proper steps to insure your safety and that of the dogs.
The Miniature Schnauzer originated in Germany in the late 19th century. The breed developed from taking Standard sized Schnauzers and breeding them with Poodles and Affenpinschers (a tiny, long-haired dog), to create the smaller sized Miniature Schnauzer. The primary work of the Miniature Schnauzer was to work on farms throughout Germany. These dogs kept rats and other vermin out of the barns. But these wonderful dogs had other great skills as well and were also used to guard the farm animals and the family.
The breed was popular and spread quickly to America, where it was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1926.
Miniature Schnauzer Health Promotion
The Miniature Schnauzer is generally healthy. However, like all breeds Miniature Schnauzers have specific sets of health issues that they are more prone too.
Hyperlipidemia – Or high fat levels in the blood which can result in diabetes. Treatable through diet modification, medications and exercise. Your veterinarian can discuss options regarding your dog’s specific results.
Pancreatitis – Inflammation of the pancreas which is an organ that helps with digestion. Diagnosis must be made by a veterinarian upon examination of the sick dog. This condition is painful for the dog, but treatable. Usually no solid foods will be given for a few days to allow the organ and bowel to rest, medication will be given to treat pain, infection and temporarily slow the release of pancreatic enzymes so the dog can recover more comfortably. Usually a full recovery is achieved.
Kidney Stones – Can have many causes in animals and build up in the kidneys and bladder. The dog will experience pain on urination, with red-tinged urine, will void frequently and in small amounts. The dog may be walking low down with the rear legs in a crouched position. If you suspect your dog may have kidney stones, please take the dog to a veterinarian immediately. Treatment usually consists of a modified diet to help dissolve and prevent stones, in some cases surgery has to be done to remove all stones from the dog’s urinary tract. Your veterinarian will advise you based on your individual dog’s condition.
Eye Problems – Eye infection, Cherry eyes and Cataracts.
Eye infections can cause the dog to have a red and inflamed eye with moderate tearing. Treatment is usually a temporary course of antibiotics. A full recovery is common.
Cherry eye occurs when the third eyelid of the dog when the tear gland prolapses, resulting in a red bulging tissue mass on the eye. Treatment results in surgery to correct the position of the tear gland.
A cataract appears as a white clouding over the lens of the eye, usually develops over time and can lead to blindness. Consistent checkups with your veterinarian and essential on prevention and early detection of Cataracts. Your veterinarian can discuss options for treatment based on the severity of the Cataract and your dog’s age and overall general health.
Comedone Syndrome can occur in which the dog gets pus-filled lesions on their back. These can be treated with medicated shampoos from the veterinarian, regular and diligent grooming, and a veterinarian recommended diet.
All breeds are susceptible to specific disorders. Each breed can be affected to varying degrees. The idea of listing the common illnesses for each breed is not to discourage you from wanting a specific breed if you find it a perfect fit for your family; but to help you better prepare for the future health of your dog. As well as provide you with the knowledge necessary to get a dog in the best optimum health.
I encourage owners to develop a strong relationship with a consistent veterinarian who the owner and dog both can bond with. Adequate medical care is a financial expense, but a necessity for being a responsible dog owner.
The Miniature Pinscher, King Of The Toy Breeds
The Miniature Pinscher, the “King of Toy Breeds”, also known as the Min Pin, is a breed of small dog in the Toy category. In its native Germany, the dog is known as the Zwergpinscher. Pinscher, refers to a classification of dogs bred as guardians or to hunt vermin. Min Pins were first bred to hunt vermin, especially rats. Zwerg, in German, means Dwarf or Midget.Pinscher, in German, means Terrier. Though the Miniature Pinscher is considered a toy breed because of their small size, their temperament resembles the terrier more.
Although the Miniature Pinscher looks like a smaller version of the Doberman Pinscher it is not a “Miniature Doberman”. The Min Pins origins are much older than the Doberman. The Miniature Pinscher appeared in paintings and sculptures several centuries ago. The Miniature Pinscher was introduced to the AKC show ring in 1919. At that time not knowing that it was referred to officially in Germany as the Zwergpinscher the AKC referred to the breed as simply, Pinscher. In 1929 the breed was officially introduced into the AKC. Not knowing it was a true Terrier breed, decided to officially place it in the toy breed classification. For conformation purposes the description that the AKC noted “must appear as a Doberman Pinscher in miniature” led to the misunderstanding still known today that this breed is a “Miniature Doberman Pinscher” when in fact it is not even related. The Miniature Pinscher and Doberman Pinscher share no common ancestry. In 1836, Dr. Reichenbach after years of study of the breed determined that the Miniature Pinscher was derived from crossing a smooth coated Dachshund with an Italian Greyhound. The goal was to make a faster ratter. This breed was primarily used on farms where open fields left for a faster dog to chase down rats and mice. The Min Pin was also used to hunt vermin in stables and farm kitchens.
Typically, the Min Pin stands between 10 and 12.5 inches at the shoulders, weighing between 10 and 12 1/2 inches. The coat is short and smooth, with colors of red, stag-red, black or chocolate with tan markings. Min Pins also come in a blue and a fawn coat. Blue coats can be registered in the AKC but cannot compete in show. The Miniature Pinscher should have a docked tail and cropped ears, though the AKC no longer requires ear cropping for shows. The AKC standard specifies a high-stepping, reaching, free and easy gait in which the front leg moves straight forward and in front of the body and the foot bends at the wrist. The dog drives smoothly and strongly from the rear. The head and tail are carried high.
The Miniature Pinscher is a very energetic breed that requires a great deal of exercise. These dogs enjoy agility training and attending competitions gives them a chance to shine. They are also prone to overeating and should have their diets monitored to prevent them from becoming overweight. Due to their instinct to hunt vermin, special care must be taken to prevent a Min Pin from attacking small objects, such as coins or small toys like legos, as they could pose a choking hazard. The Min Pin has a single coat, no undercoat which makes them primarily an indoor breed. Care must be taken in colder weather as the coat provides virtually no insulation from the cold. Min Pins do not tolerate cold or wet weather well. The Min Pin lives in a state of two year old until well into their senior years which makes them very entertaining, but they can also be very frustrating. Your puppy should attend obedience classes and you should be careful to follow up on every command.
They can, in most cases, be very difficult to house train requiring much patience. Being an independent breed by nature, they prefer to initiate contact and generally do not do well being overly handled. This is where much of the misconception of the breed being a biter comes from. Making them not always the best breed for small children. Although, the Min Pin is not necessarily bad with children, care must be taken in educating the child about proper handling and play. Although sturdy, they can be easily injured by rough play with a child. They are quite fearless and can be overprotective. This breed does not see itself as a small dog but rather a big dog and therefore can get into trouble easily.
The Min Pin has a very strong protective attitude and guard instinct. They can be a one person owner or adapt greatly to families. The Min Pin is very loyal and will alert their owner to any changes within the home environment. Miniature Pinschers are not for everyone, as they are very curious, strong willed, and frolicsome. Their owners must have a great sense of humor and a lot of patience. Keeping in mind that this breed is in fact a working breed, spoiling could result in the dog becoming somewhat of a tyrant. The Min Pin by nature can be stubborn so anything to induce this generally will result in a more difficult dog to handle.
Grooming is easy, as the smooth, short-haired coat requires little attention. They should be brushed with a firm bristle brush. Loose hair can be removed by wiping with a damp warm cloth. Min Pin’s are an average shedder. They do have problems with overgrown nails. Be sure to check your Min Pin’s nails frequently.
The Miniature Pinscher having a refined elegance, regal look, style, grace, mighty fearlessness, and impish character has earned the title “King Of Toy Breeds”. If the Miniature Pinscher suits your fancy you might fing it hard to stop at just one.
Source by Yuliss Saint Pierre